#!/bin/sed -nf
#  dc.sed - an arbitrary precision RPN calculator
#  Created by Greg Ubben <gsu@romulus.ncsc.mil> early 1995, late 1996
#
#  Dedicated to MAC's memory of the IBM 1620 ("CADET") computer.
#  @(#)GSU dc.sed 1.1 06-Mar-1999 [non-explanatory]
#
#  Examples:
#	sqrt(2) to 10 digits:	echo "10k 2vp" | dc.sed
#	20 factorial:		echo "[d1-d1<!*]s! 20l!xp" | dc.sed
#	sin(ln(7)):		echo "s(l(7))" | bc -c /usr/lib/lib.b | dc.sed
#	hex to base 60:		echo "60o16i 6B407.CAFE p" | dc.sed
#	tests most of dc.sed:	echo 16oAk2vp | dc.sed
#
#  To debug or analyze, give the dc Y command as input or add it to
#  embedded dc routines, or add the sed p command to the beginning of
#  the main loop or at various points in the low-level sed routines.
#  If you need to allow [|~] characters in the input, filter this
#  script through "tr '|~' '\36\37'" first (or use dc.pl).
#
#  Not implemented:	! \
#  But implemented:	K Y t # !< !> != fractional-bases
#  SunOS limits:	199/199 commands (though could pack in 10-20 more)
#  Limitations:		scale <= 999; |obase| >= 1; input digits in [0..F]
#  Completed:		1am Feb 4, 1997

s/^/|P|K0|I10|O10|?~/

:next
s/|?./|?/
s/|?#[	 -}]*/|?/
/|?!*[lLsS;:<>=]\{0,1\}$/ N
/|?!*[-+*/%^<>=]/ b binop
/^|.*|?[dpPfQXZvxkiosStT;:]/ b binop
/|?[_0-9A-F.]/ b number
/|?\[/ b string
/|?l/ b load
/|?L/ b Load
/|?[sS]/ b save
/|?c/ s/[^|]*//
/|?d/ s/[^~]*~/&&/
/|?f/ s//&[pSbz0<aLb]dSaxsaLa/
/|?x/ s/\([^~]*~\)\(.*|?x\)~*/\2\1/
/|?[KIO]/ s/.*|\([KIO]\)\([^|]*\).*|?\1/\2~&/
/|?T/ s/\.*0*~/~/
#  a slow, non-stackable array implementation in dc, just for completeness
#  A fast, stackable, associative array implementation could be done in sed
#  (format: {key}value{key}value...), but would be longer, like load & save.
/|?;/ s/|?;\([^{}]\)/|?~[s}s{L{s}q]S}[S}l\1L}1-d0>}s\1L\1l{xS\1]dS{xL}/
/|?:/ s/|?:\([^{}]\)/|?~[s}L{s}L{s}L}s\1q]S}S}S{[L}1-d0>}S}l\1s\1L\1l{xS\1]dS{x/
/|?[ ~	cdfxKIOT]/ b next
/|?\n/ b next
/|?[pP]/ b print
/|?k/ s/^\([0-9]\{1,3\}\)\([.~].*|K\)[^|]*/\2\1/
/|?i/ s/^\(-\{0,1\}[0-9]*\.\{0,1\}[0-9]\{1,\}\)\(~.*|I\)[^|]*/\2\1/
/|?o/ s/^\(-\{0,1\}[1-9][0-9]*\.\{0,1\}[0-9]*\)\(~.*|O\)[^|]*/\2\1/
/|?[kio]/ b pop
/|?t/ b trunc
/|??/ b input
/|?Q/ b break
/|?q/ b quit
h  
/|?[XZz]/ b count
/|?v/ b sqrt
s/.*|?\([^Y]\).*/\1 is unimplemented/
s/\n/\\n/g
l  
g  
b next

:print
/^-\{0,1\}[0-9]*\.\{0,1\}[0-9]\{1,\}~.*|?p/ !b Print
/|O10|/ b Print

#  Print a number in a non-decimal output base.  Uses registers a,b,c,d.
#  Handles fractional output bases (O<-1 or O>=1), unlike other dc's.
#  Converts the fraction correctly on negative output bases, unlike
#  UNIX dc.  Also scales the fraction more accurately than UNIX dc.
#
s,|?p,&KSa0kd[[-]Psa0la-]Sad0>a[0P]sad0=a[A*2+]saOtd0>a1-ZSd[[[[ ]P]sclb1\
!=cSbLdlbtZ[[[-]P0lb-sb]sclb0>c1+]sclb0!<c[0P1+dld>c]scdld>cscSdLbP]q]Sb\
[t[1P1-d0<c]scd0<c]ScO_1>bO1!<cO[16]<bOX0<b[[q]sc[dSbdA>c[A]sbdA=c[B]sbd\
B=c[C]sbdC=c[D]sbdD=c[E]sbdE=c[F]sb]xscLbP]~Sd[dtdZOZ+k1O/Tdsb[.5]*[.1]O\
X^*dZkdXK-1+ktsc0kdSb-[Lbdlb*lc+tdSbO*-lb0!=aldx]dsaxLbsb]sad1!>a[[.]POX\
+sb1[SbO*dtdldx-LbO*dZlb!<a]dsax]sadXd0<asbsasaLasbLbscLcsdLdsdLdLak[]pP,
b next

:Print
/|?p/ s/[^~]*/&\
~&/
s/\(.*|P\)\([^|]*\)/\
\2\1/
s/\([^~]*\)\n\([^~]*\)\(.*|P\)/\1\3\2/
h  
s/~.*//
/./ {
    s/.//
    p
}  
#  Just s/.//p would work if we knew we were running under the -n option.
#  Using l vs p would kind of do \ continuations, but would break strings.
g  

:pop
s/[^~]*~//
b next

:load
s/\(.*|?.\)\(.\)/\20~\1/
s/^\(.\)0\(.*|r\1\([^~|]*\)~\)/\1\3\2/
s/.//
b next

:Load
s/\(.*|?.\)\(.\)/\2\1/
s/^\(.\)\(.*|r\1\)\([^~|]*~\)/|\3\2/
/^|/ !i\
register empty
s/.//
b next

:save
s/\(.*|?.\)\(.\)/\2\1/
/^\(.\).*|r\1/ !s/\(.\).*|/&r\1|/
/|?S/ s/\(.\).*|r\1/&~/
s/\(.\)\([^~]*~\)\(.*|r\1\)[^~|]*~\{0,1\}/\3\2/
b next

:quit
t quit
s/|?[^~]*~[^~]*~/|?q/
t next
#  Really should be using the -n option to avoid printing a final newline.
s/.*|P\([^|]*\).*/\1/
q  

:break
s/[0-9]*/&;987654321009;/
:break1
s/^\([^;]*\)\([1-9]\)\(0*\)\([^1]*\2\(.\)[^;]*\3\(9*\).*|?.\)[^~]*~/\1\5\6\4/
t break1
b pop

:input
N  
s/|??\(.*\)\(\n.*\)/|?\2~\1/
b next

:count
/|?Z/ s/~.*//
/^-\{0,1\}[0-9]*\.\{0,1\}[0-9]\{1,\}$/ s/[-.0]*\([^.]*\)\.*/\1/
/|?X/ s/-*[0-9A-F]*\.*\([0-9A-F]*\).*/\1/
s/|.*//
/~/ s/[^~]//g

s/./a/g
:count1
s/a\{10\}/b/g
s/b*a*/&a9876543210;/
s/a.\{9\}\(.\).*;/\1/
y/b/a/
/a/ b count1
G  
/|?z/ s/\n/&~/
s/\n[^~]*//
b next

:trunc
#  for efficiency, doesn't pad with 0s, so 10k 2 5/ returns just .40
#  The X* here and in a couple other places works around a SunOS 4.x sed bug.
s/\([^.~]*\.*\)\(.*|K\([^|]*\)\)/\3;9876543210009909:\1,\2/
:trunc1
s/^\([^;]*\)\([1-9]\)\(0*\)\([^1]*\2\(.\)[^:]*X*\3\(9*\)[^,]*\),\([0-9]\)/\1\5\6\4\7,/
t trunc1
s/[^:]*:\([^,]*\)[^~]*/\1/
b normal

:number
s/\(.*|?\)\(_\{0,1\}[0-9A-F]*\.\{0,1\}[0-9A-F]*\)/\2~\1~/
s/^_/-/
/^[^A-F~]*~.*|I10|/ b normal
/^[-0.]*~/ b normal
s:\([^.~]*\)\.*\([^~]*\):[Ilb^lbk/,\1\2~0A1B2C3D4E5F1=11223344556677889900;.\2:
:digit
s/^\([^,]*\),\(-*\)\([0-F]\)\([^;]*\(.\)\3[^1;]*\(1*\)\)/*+\1\2\6\5~,\2\4/
t digit
s:...\([^/]*.\)\([^,]*\)[^.]*\(.*|?.\):\2\3KSb[99]k\1]SaSaXSbLalb0<aLakLbktLbk:
b next

:string
/|?[^]]*$/ N
s/\(|?[^]]*\)\[\([^]]*\)]/\1|{\2|}/
/|?\[/ b string
s/\(.*|?\)|{\(.*\)|}/\2~\1[/
s/|{/[/g
s/|}/]/g
b next

:binop
/^[^~|]*~[^|]/ !i\
stack empty
// !b next
/^-\{0,1\}[0-9]*\.\{0,1\}[0-9]\{1,\}~/ !s/[^~]*\(.*|?!*[^!=<>]\)/0\1/
/^[^~]*~-\{0,1\}[0-9]*\.\{0,1\}[0-9]\{1,\}~/ !s/~[^~]*\(.*|?!*[^!=<>]\)/~0\1/
h  
/|?\*/ b mul
/|?\// b div
/|?%/ b rem
/|?^/ b exp

/|?[+-]/ s/^\(-*\)\([^~]*~\)\(-*\)\([^~]*~\).*|?\(-\{0,1\}\).*/\2\4s\3o\1\3\5/
s/\([^.~]*\)\([^~]*~[^.~]*\)\(.*\)/<\1,\2,\3|=-~.0,123456789<></
/^<\([^,]*,[^~]*\)\.*0*~\1\.*0*~/ s/</=/
:cmp1
s/^\(<[^,]*\)\([0-9]\),\([^,]*\)\([0-9]\),/\1,\2\3,\4/
t cmp1
/^<\([^~]*\)\([^~]\)[^~]*~\1\(.\).*|=.*\3.*\2/ s/</>/
/|?/ {
    s/^\([<>]\)\(-[^~]*~-.*\1\)\(.\)/\3\2/
    s/^\(.\)\(.*|?!*\)\1/\2!\1/
    s/|?![^!]\(.\)/&l\1x/
    s/[^~]*~[^~]*~\(.*|?\)!*.\(.*\)|=.*/\1\2/
    b next
}  
s/\(-*\)\1|=.*/;9876543210;9876543210/
/o-/ s/;9876543210/;0123456789/
s/^>\([^~]*~\)\([^~]*~\)s\(-*\)\(-*o\3\(-*\)\)/>\2\1s\5\4/

s/,\([0-9]*\)\.*\([^,]*\),\([0-9]*\)\.*\([0-9]*\)/\1,\2\3.,\4;0/
:right1
s/,\([0-9]\)\([^,]*\),;*\([0-9]\)\([0-9]*\);*0*/\1,\2\3,\4;0/
t right1
s/.\([^,]*\),~\(.*\);0~s\(-*\)o-*/\1~\30\2~/

:addsub1
s/\(.\{0,1\}\)\(~[^,]*\)\([0-9]\)\(\.*\),\([^;]*\)\(;\([^;]*\(\3[^;]*\)\).*X*\1\(.*\)\)/\2,\4\5\9\8\7\6/
s/,\([^~]*~\).\{10\}\(.\)[^;]\{0,9\}\([^;]\{0,1\}\)[^;]*/,\2\1\3/
#	  could be done in one s/// if we could have >9 back-refs...
/^~.*~;/ !b addsub1

:endbin
s/.\([^,]*\),\([0-9.]*\).*/\1\2/
G  
s/\n[^~]*~[^~]*//

:normal
s/^\(-*\)0*\([0-9.]*[0-9]\)[^~]*/\1\2/
s/^[^1-9~]*~/0~/
b next

:mul
s/\(-*\)\([0-9]*\)\.*\([0-9]*\)~\(-*\)\([0-9]*\)\.*\([0-9]*\).*|K\([^|]*\).*/\1\4\2\5.!\3\6,|\2<\3~\5>\6:\7;9876543210009909/

:mul1
s/![0-9]\([^<]*\)<\([0-9]\{0,1\}\)\([^>]*\)>\([0-9]\{0,1\}\)/0!\1\2<\3\4>/
/![0-9]/ s/\(:[^;]*\)\([1-9]\)\(0*\)\([^0]*\2\(.\).*X*\3\(9*\)\)/\1\5\6\4/
/<~[^>]*>:0*;/ !t mul1

s/\(-*\)\1\([^>]*\).*/;\2^>:9876543210aaaaaaaaa/

:mul2
s/\([0-9]~*\)^/^\1/
s/<\([0-9]*\)\(.*[~^]\)\([0-9]*\)>/\1<\2>\3/

:mul3
s/>\([0-9]\)\(.*\1.\{9\}\(a*\)\)/\1>\2;9\38\37\36\35\34\33\32\31\30/
s/\(;[^<]*\)\([0-9]\)<\([^;]*\).*\2[0-9]*\(.*\)/\4\1<\2\3/
s/a[0-9]/a/g
s/a\{10\}/b/g
s/b\{10\}/c/g
/|0*[1-9][^>]*>0*[1-9]/ b mul3

s/;/a9876543210;/
s/a.\{9\}\(.\)[^;]*\([^,]*\)[0-9]\([.!]*\),/\2,\1\3/
y/cb/ba/
/|<^/ !b mul2
b endbin

:div
#  CDDET
/^[-.0]*[1-9]/ !i\
divide by 0
// !b pop
s/\(-*\)\([0-9]*\)\.*\([^~]*~-*\)\([0-9]*\)\.*\([^~]*\)/\2.\3\1;0\4.\5;0/
:div1
s/^\.0\([^.]*\)\.;*\([0-9]\)\([0-9]*\);*0*/.\1\2.\3;0/
s/^\([^.]*\)\([0-9]\)\.\([^;]*;\)0*\([0-9]*\)\([0-9]\)\./\1.\2\30\4.\5/
t div1
s/~\(-*\)\1\(-*\);0*\([^;]*[0-9]\)[^~]*/~123456789743222111~\2\3/
s/\(.\(.\)[^~]*\)[^9]*\2.\{8\}\(.\)[^~]*/\3~\1/
s,|?.,&SaSadSaKdlaZ+LaX-1+[sb1]Sbd1>bkLatsbLa[dSa2lbla*-*dLa!=a]dSaxsakLasbLb*t,
b next

:rem
s,|?%,&Sadla/LaKSa[999]k*Lak-,
b next

:exp
#  This decimal method is just a little faster than the binary method done
#  totally in dc:  1LaKLb [kdSb*LbK]Sb [[.5]*d0ktdSa<bkd*KLad1<a]Sa d1<a kk*
/^[^~]*\./ i\
fraction in exponent ignored
s,[^-0-9].*,;9d**dd*8*d*d7dd**d*6d**d5d*d*4*d3d*2lbd**1lb*0,
:exp1
s/\([0-9]\);\(.*\1\([d*]*\)[^l]*\([^*]*\)\(\**\)\)/;dd*d**d*\4\3\5\2/
t exp1
G  
s,-*.\{9\}\([^9]*\)[^0]*0.\(.*|?.\),\2~saSaKdsaLb0kLbkK*+k1\1LaktsbkLax,
s,|?.,&SadSbdXSaZla-SbKLaLadSb[0Lb-d1lb-*d+K+0kkSb[1Lb/]q]Sa0>a[dk]sadK<a[Lb],
b next

:sqrt
#  first square root using sed:  8k2v at 1:30am Dec 17, 1996
/^-/ i\
square root of negative number
/^[-0]/ b next
s/~.*//
/^\./ s/0\([0-9]\)/\1/g
/^\./ !s/[0-9][0-9]/7/g
G  
s/\n/~/
s,|?.,&K1+k KSbSb[dk]SadXdK<asadlb/lb+[.5]*[sbdlb/lb+[.5]*dlb>a]dsaxsasaLbsaLatLbk K1-kt,
b next

#  END OF GSU dc.sed

### colorized by sedsed, a SED script debugger/indenter/tokenizer/HTMLizer
### original script: http://sed.sf.net/grabbag/scripts/dc.sed